c. 17th century
The Patriarchs: Abraham, Isaac, Jacob - patriarchs of the Jewish people and bearers of a belief in one God - settle in the Land of Israel.
Famine forces Israelites to migrate to Egypt.
c. 13th century
Exodus from Egypt: Moses leads Israelites from Egypt, followed by 40 years of wandering in the desert.
Torah, including the Ten Commandments, received at Mount Sinai.
12th – 13th centuries
Israelites settle in the Land of Israel
Jewish Monarchy established; Saul, first king.
Jerusalem made capital of David's kingdom.
First Temple, the national and spiritual center of the Jewish people, built in Jerusalem by King Solomon
Divided kingdom: Judah and Israel
Israel crushed by Assyrians; 10 tribes exiled (Ten Lost Tribes).
Judah conquered by Babylonia; Jerusalem and First Temple destroyed; most Jews exiled to Babylonia.
Persian and Hellenistic periods
Many Jews return from BabyloniaTemple rebuilt.
Land conquered by Alexander the Great; Hellenistic rule
Maccabean (Hasmonean) revolt against restrictions on practice of Judaism and desecration of the Temple
Jewish autonomy under Hasmoneans.
Jewish independence under Hasmonean monarchy
Jerusalem captured by Roman general, Pompey.
Herod, Roman vassal king, rules the Land of Israel;
Temple in Jerusalem refurbished
Ministry of Jesus of Nazareth
Jewish revolt against the Romans
Destruction of Jerusalem and second Temple
Last stand of Jews
Bar Kochva uprising against Rome
The completion of the Jewish Oral laws: Mishnah
Commentary on the Mishnah (Jerusalem Talmud) completed.
On site of First and Second Temples in Jerusalem, Dome of the Rock built by Caliph Abd el-Malik
Code of Jewish law (Shulhan Arukh) published
First neighborhood, Mishkenot Sha'ananim, built outside Jerusalem's walls.
First Aliyah (large-scale immigration), mainly from Russia.
First Zionist Congress convened by Theodor Herzl in Basel, Switzerland; Zionist Organization founded.
Second Aliyahmainly from Russia and Poland
First kibbutz degania and first modern all-Jewish city, Tel Aviv, founded.
400 years of Ottoman rule ended by British conquest;
British Foreign Minister Balfourpledges support for establishment of a "Jewish national home in Palestine".
Third Aliyah mainly from Russia
Histadrut (Jewish labor federation) and Haganah (Jewish defense organization) founded.
Vaad Leumi (National Council) set up by Jewish community (yishuv)to conduct its affairs.
First moshav (cooperative village), Nahalal, founded.
Britain granted Mandate for Palestine (land of Israel)
Technion, first institute of technology, founded in Haifa.
Fourth Aliyah, mainly from Poland.
Hebrew University of Jerusalem opened on Mt. Scopus.
Hebron Jews massacred by Arab militants.
Etzel, Jewish underground organization, founded.
Fifth Aliyah, mainly from Germany.
Jewish immigration severely limited by British White Paper.
World War II; Holocaust in Europe
Lehi underground movement formed; Palmach, strike force of Haganah, set up
Jewish Brigade formed as part of British forces.
UN proposes the establishment of Arab and Jewish states.
End of British Mandate, state of Israel proclaimed(14 May)
Israel invaded by five Arab states (15 May), War of Independence (May 1948-July 1949)
Israel Defense Forces (IDF) established.
Armistice agreements signed with Egypt, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon. Jerusalem divided under Israeli and Jordanian rule.
First Israel's parliament (Knesset) electedIsrael admitted to United Nations as 59th member.
Mass immigration from Europe and Arab countries
Adolf Eichmann tried and executed in Israel for his part in the Holocaust.
National Water Carrier completed, bringing water from Lake Kinneret in the north to the semi-arid south.
Six Day War, Jerusalem reunited
Egypt's War of Attrition against Israel
Yom Kippur War
Israel becomes an associate member of the European Common Market.
End of 30 years labor rule as Likud form government
Anwar Sadat, Egyptian President, visits Israel.
Camp David Accords: comprehensive peace talks of the Middle East
And proposal for Palestinian self-government.
Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty signed. Israel's Prime Minister Menachem Begin and Egypt's President Anwar Sadat awarded Noble Peace Prize.
Israel Air Force destroys Iraqi nuclear reactor just before it is to become operative.
Israel's three-stage withdrawal from Sinai completed.
Operation Peace for Galilee removes PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) terrorists from Lebanon.
National unity government, Likud and Labor, formed after elections.
Operation Moses, immigration of Jews from Ethiopia.
Free Trade Agreement signed between Israel and United States.
Widespread violence by Palestinians (intifada) starts in Israeli-administered areas.
Likud government in power following elections.
A mass of immigration of Jews from former Soviet Union.
Four point peace initiative proposed by Israel.
Israel attacked by Iraqi Scud missiles during Gulf war.
Middle East peace conference convened in Madrid.
Operation Solomon- airlift of Jews from Ethiopia.
Diplomatic relations established with China and India.
New government headed by Yitzhak Rabin of Labor party.
Declaration of Principles on Interim Self Government Arrangements for
The Palestinians signed by Israel and the PLO as representative of
The Palestinian people.
Implementation of Palestinian self-government in Gaza Strip and Jerichio.
Israel and Jordan signed Peace Treaty.
Rabin, Peres and Arafat awarded Noble Peace Prize.
Palestinian Council elected.
Prime Minister Rabin assassinated at Peace Rally.
Shimon Peres becomes Prime Minister
Fundamentalist Arab terrorism against Israel escalates
Operation Grapes of Wrath:
retaliation for Hizbullah terrorists' attacks on northern Israel.
Trade representation offices set up in Oman and Qatar.
Likud forms government after elections.
Benjamin Netanyahu becomes prime minister.
Omani trade representation office opened in Tel Aviv
Hebron Protocol signed by Israel and the PA.
Israel Celebrates 50th anniversary.
Ehud Barak elected Prime Minister and forms coalition government.
Visit of Pop Paul ll
Israel withdraws from the Security Zone in Southern Lebanon.
Israel admitted to UN Western European and Others Group.
Prime Minister Barak resigns.
Ariel Sharon elected Prime Minister and forms broad based unity
Rechavam Zeevy, Minister of Tourism, assassinated by Palestinians terrorists.
Israel launches Operation Defensive Shield in response to massive terrorist
Prime Minister Sharon suffers a stroke and Ehud Olmert forms new government.
Israel carries out military operations against Palestinians terrorism from the Gaza Strip and Hizbollah terrorism from Southern Lebanon.